CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL)
Place Albert 1er, 13, B 6530 Thuin (Belgique), tel : +184.108.40.206.38, fax
: +220.127.116.11.29, email : firstname.lastname@example.org
INTERNATIONAL BREEDING RULES OF THE F.C.I.
1. The International Breeding Regulations of the
Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) are binding on all member countries
and contract partners.
• These FCI breeding regulations apply directly
to all FCI member countries as well as the contract partners. This means that
breeding may only be carried out with pedigree dogs which have a sound temperament,
are healthy in functional and hereditary terms and are registered with a studbook
or register (appendix) recognised by the FCI. In addition, they have to fulfil
the requirements specified by the relevant FCI member or contract partners.
• The only dogs which are considered to be healthy
in hereditary terms are those transferring breed standard features, breed
type and temperament typical of that breed without displaying any substantial
hereditary defects which could impair the functional health of its descendants.
The members and contract partners of the FCI are required in this regard to
prevent any exaggeration of breed features in the standards which could result
in impairment of the dogs' functional health.
• Dogs with eliminating faults such as e.g. unsound
temperament, congenital deafness or blindness, hare-lip, cleft palate, substantial
dental defects or jaw anomalies, PRA, epilepsy, cryptorchidism, monorchidism,
albinism, improper coat colours or diagnosed severe hip dysplasia may not
• With regard to surfacing hereditary defects,
e.g. HD or PRA, the FCI member countries and contract partners are obliged
to record affected animals, combat these defects in a methodical manner continuously
record their development and report to the FCI on this matter when requested.
• The FCI, its member countries and contract partners
are supported by the Scientific Commission in relation to evaluation, assistance
and advice in combating hereditary defects. In case the Scientific Commission
would issue a catalogue of measures, the same shall be binding on being adopted
by the FCI General Committee.
• Competence and responsibility for breeding rests
with the member countries and contract partners of the FCI and includes breeding
guidance, breeding advice and monitoring breeding as well as the keeping of
• The FCI member countries and contract partners
are under the obligation to draw up their own breeding regulations based on
the FCI Breeding Regulations, in which the breeding objectives are laid down.
Such regulations must take appropriate and reasonable account of the specific
working characteristics of the respective breeds.
Dog traders and commercial dog breeders are not
permitted to undertake breeding in a member country or contract partner of
2. The reciprocal rights and obligations of bitch
and stud dog owners are principally governed by national laws, regulations
established by the national Kennel Clubs, their breed clubs or associations
and private agreements. In the event that such regulations and agreements
do not exist, the FCI International Breeding Rules will prevail.
• Breeders and owners of stud dogs are strongly
urged to negotiate a written contract before each breeding wherein the financial
obligations of both parties are clearly defined.
• The "owner" of a dog is the person
who has legally obtained the animal, who is in possession of the dog and who
can prove it through the legal possession of a valid official registration
• The "agent of the stud dog" is either
the owner of the stud dog or the person who has been authorised by the owner
to make this stud dog available for stud service.
TRANSPORTATION AND MAINTENANCE COSTS OF THE BITCH
3. It is recommended that the owner of the bitch or a person whom he can rely
on takes the bitch to and from the male. If a bitch is boarded for several
days by the agent of the stud dog, the owner of the bitch will be financially
responsible for feeding costs, boarding fees, if necessary veterinary care
and any damage to the residence or kennel of the stud dog agent as well as
return transportation costs.
4. According to the laws of the different countries, the person boarding and
taking care of an animal is held legally responsible for any damage caused
to third parties during that period.
The owner/agent of the stud dog must take this into consideration when applying
for personal liability insurance coverage.
DEATH OF THE BITCH
5. Should the bitch die while in the custody of the stud dog agent, the latter
will undertake to have the death and the cause of it certified by a veterinary
surgeon. He will inform the owner of the bitch of the death and the cause
it as soon as possible.
Should the owner of the bitch wish to see the dead bitch, the stud dog agent
may not deny this request.
Should the death appear to have been caused by negligence of the stud dog
agent, the latter is liable to compensate the owner of the bitch for the loss.
Should it be determined that the stud dog agent was in no way responsible
for the death of the bitch, the owner of the bitch is required to reimburse
the stud dog agent for all expenses incurred as a result of the death.
SELECTION OF THE STUD DOG
6. The stud dog agent is obliged to mate the bitch only with the dog referred
to in the contract. Should this stud dog be unable to mate, no other dog may
be substituted without the prior consent of the owner of the bitch. In any
case, it is forbidden to mate the bitch with more than one stud dog during
the same oestrus cycle.
7. In the event that the bitch is unintentionally mated by a dog different
from the one agreed upon, the stud dog agent who has the bitch under his custody
must notify and reimburse the bitch's owner for all the expenses resulting
from this accidental breeding.
In case of accidental breeding, it is forbidden to carry out another mating
with the stud dog originally foreseen.
In such cases, the stud dog agent can not charge any stud fee.
STUD SERVICE CERTIFICATION
8. The stud dog agent will declare, in writing, on a stud service certificate,
that the mating took place with the agreed stud dog. By his signature, he
certifies that he was an eye-witness of this mating.
If the organisation which keeps the stud book with which the litter is to
be registered requires the use of particular documents, it is up to the owner
of the bitch to get them, fill them in correctly and request the stud dog
It is compulsory that this stud service certificate
contains the following information:
a) Name and stud book registration number of the
b) Name and stud book registration number of the bitch.
c) Name and address of the agent/owner of the stud dog.
d) Name and address of the owner of the bitch at the time of the mating and,
possibly the date when the bitch was bought.
e) Place and date of the mating
f) Signature of the agent of the stud dog and of the owner of the bitch
g) If the organisation which keeps the stud book with which the litter is
to be registered requires a certified photocopy or excerpt of the pedigree
of the stud dog, it is up to the stud dog agent to give these documents, free
of charge, to the owner of the bitch.
PAYMENT OF STUD FEE
9. The owner of the stud dog may refuse to sign the stud service certificate
before the stud fee which was agreed has been paid. He is not permitted, however,
to hold back the bitch as security.
10. If the agreed stud dog does not perform the
mating for whatever reason or if the bitch does not want to be mated, whereby
no mating can take place, the owner of the stud dog is entitled to the payment
of the fees as described at article 2. However he may not claim payment of
the stud fee.
11. Apart from the stud fee which was agreed,
the owner of the stud dog has no further rights concerning the litter towards
the owner of the bitch. Specifically, he has no right to get a puppy from
However, if there is a mutual agreement that the stud fee will be a puppy,
it must be made in writing prior to the mating. The written agreement must
include the following provisions which have to be observed:
a. the date when the owner of the stud dog may
choose the puppy.
b. the date when the owner of the stud dog will actually get the puppy which
c. the date by which the owner of the stud dog must choose a puppy (after
which date his rights to choose the puppy will expire)
d. the date by which the owner of the stud dog must come to take the puppy
(after which date his rights to obtain a puppy expire)
e. an agreement concerning the transportation costs.
f. special provisions in the event of a stillborn litter, a single living
puppy or in case the selected puppy dies before the owner of the stud dog
THE BITCH REMAINS BARREN
12. After a mating has been correctly performed, the stud dog is considered
to have fulfilled its duty and the stud dog owner is therefore entitled to
the agreed stud fee. This does not necessarily imply that the bitch will be
pregnant. If the bitch remains barren, it is up to the stud dog owner either
to offer a free stud service at the next oestrus cycle or to refund a percentage
of the stud fee. Such an agreement must be made in writing and included in
the breeding contract before the mating takes place.
The time limit for a free mating expires at the death or transfer of ownership
of the stud dog or at the death of the bitch.
In case it can be proved (by a sperm analysis) that the stud dog was infertile
at the time of the mating, the owner of the bitch has to be reimbursed the
13. Artificial insemination is not to be used on animals which have not reproduced
naturally before. In the event the bitch is to be artificially inseminated,
the veterinary surgeon collecting the stud dog’s sperm must provide a written
certificate to the organisation which keeps the stud book with which the litter
is to be registered stating that the fresh or frozen sperm was indeed produced
by the agreed stud dog. In addition, the stud dog agent has to give, free
of charge, the documents listed at Art.7 (a-g) to the owner of the bitch.
The costs for collecting the sperm and performing the insemination are charged
to the owner of the bitch. The veterinary surgeon performing the insemination
has to confirm to the organisation which keeps the stud book that the bitch
has been artificially inseminated with the sperm of the stud dog originally
foreseen. This certificate should also include the place and date of the insemination,
the name and studbook registration number of the bitch and the name and address
of the owner of the bitch.
The owner of the stud dog from which the semen was taken must provide a signed
stud service certificate to the owner of the bitch in addition to the veterinary
TRANSFER OF BREEDING RIGHTS – LEASE AGREEMENT
14. As a rule, the owner of the bitch at the time of the mating is considered
to be the breeder of the litter.
The right to use the bitch or the stud dog for breeding may be transferred
to a third party by contract.
It is compulsory that such a transfer of breeding rights/leasing agreement
be executed in writing before the breeding takes place.
The written agreement transferring the breeding rights must be recorded in
due time with the appropriate organisation which keeps the stud book and,
if required, with the breed club.
The lease agreement must be enclosed with the application to register the
litter. It must clearly outline the rights and obligations of the two contracting
The leasee of the bitch is considered to be its owner, as understood by these
rules, from the date of the whelping until the litter is weaned.
15. Puppies from two pure-bred dogs of the same breed holding FCI recognised
pedigrees without any objection or restriction on them from the national canine
organisation are considered to be pedigree puppies and are therefore entitled
to be issued FCI recognised pedigrees.
As a rule, puppies are to be sold and transferred to a private individual
in whose name the export pedigree must be issued.
16. FCI recognised pedigrees are a certification
of parentage rather than of quality of the dog registered
STUD BOOK REGISTRATION OF A LITTER
17. In the absence of other agreements, the new owner of a pregnant bitch
automatically becomes the breeder of the expected litter.
18. Each dog bred in and registered with a FCI
member country or contract partner is to be provided with permanent and falsification-proof
identification; this identification is to appear on its pedigree.
In principle, a litter is registered with the
stud book of the country where the owner of the bitch lives (residence habituelle)
and will bear his kennel name. In case the “residence habituelle”
can not be legally defined, the owner of the bitch has the right to have his/her
litter born and registered in the country where he/she lives at the moment
of the mating provided that the following requirements are met :
- the owner has to comply with the breeding
requirements of the kennel club of the country where he/she lives at the moment
of the mating.
- the owner has to provide a certificate issued by the appropriate local authorities
of the place where he/she lives indicating that he is staying (with no interruption)
in this country for a minimum period of 6 months.
Upon observance of these requirements, the national
kennel club of the country where the owner lives at the moment of the mating
has to register the litter born on its territory with its stud book, issue
the pedigrees for the puppies with the owner’s kennel name and the address
where he/she lives.
Exceptions are granted in cases where the breeder
of dogs resides in a country which does not have an FCI recognised stud book.
This breeder may register the litter in a country which keeps a stud book
recognised by the FCI.
All litters are to be fully registered; this includes all puppies reared to
the date of application for registration.
Pedigrees, which are in fact birth certificates, must be issued for correct
parentage only. Normally, a female is to be mated by only one male for the
same litter. In cases of deviations, the kennel clubs are obliged, at the
breeder’s costs, to have the parentage proved by DNA testing
BREEDING RULES OF THE MEMBER COUNTRIES
19. The breeding regulations of the member countries and contract partners
can go beyond those of the FCI in their requirements, but may not be (inconsistent)
in conflict with the FCI International Breeding Regulations.
20. These FCI International Breeding Regulations of 1979 supersede the Monaco
International Breeding Rules of 1934. In the event of difference of opinion
regarding the legal interpretation of the text, the German version of this
document will take precedence.
• Approved at the FCI General Assembly on June
11 and 12, 1979 in Bern.
• Translation revised by the legal commission in Winterthur on January 22nd,
The parts in bold characters were approved
by the General Committee, November 2004,Kyoto.
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